Diet for gastritis: dishes from childhood and fun without beer, kebab and cigarettes

Gastritis is called the disease of the century that we can say 2/3 of the population. Often the disease is asymptomatic, but is prone to progression. Chronic gastritis may eventually develop into peptic ulcer disease and even stomach cancer. Health food is not the only, but important part of the prevention and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. What is the recommended diet for gastritis: what you can and cannot have the patients of a gastroenterologist?

diet for gastritis

Classification and diagnosis

Gastritis is a complex, branched classification. Doctors distinguish gastritis in the etiology, localization of the inflammatory process, the degree of mucosal injury, the character-forming function.

For example, we distinguish erosive gastritis. With this gastritis mucosa of the stomach of the patient not just inflamed, it appears surface defects contribute to the further formation of ulcers. However, erosion does not reach the muscle layer of the stomach wall. Deeper defects that reach the muscular layer, already indicate the presence of stomach ulcers.

To diagnose gastritis, and correctly determine its type can only be a doctor according to the results of special studies. Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection is endoscopic examination and taking samples (biopsy) of the mucous membrane. Simplistic patients call this procedure "to swallow the probe". There is also a more modern and simple approach, the breathing tests. This is the method recommended for the diagnosis of infections, in particular, and in the body of the child.

A blood test that can be recommended to the patient with suspected gastritis, is not sufficient to confirm or refute the diagnosis. This study is informative only 40-50%.

Characteristics and symptoms

In General, it is important to have an idea about the differences between acute and chronic forms of gastritis. It is necessary not to "miss" the problem and in time to see a specialist.

The acute form

Acute gastritis is considered an acute inflammatory disease of the stomach. It is the result of multiple factors: mechanical, thermal, chemical, bacterial.

Thus, damage of the gastric mucosa can cause acute food, alcohol, infection. As well as a number of drugs. For example, aspirin or antibiotics. In the list of causes of acute gastritis — stress. It can also occur on the background of other diseases. For example, an acute intestinal infection.

Signs of inflammation the patient will notice in the first 12-24 hours after errors in diet or contact with another provoking factor.

The symptoms of acute gastritis:

  • decreased appetite;
  • heaviness or pain in the epigastrium — the upper abdomen, the area captures the triangle between the ribs;
  • mouth felt a specific taste;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • have a nasty burping;
  • dizzy and headache;
  • felt lack of energy;
  • the stool becomes liquid and frequent;
  • may increase the temperature, but usually not above subfebrile.

Acute gastritis appears suddenly, is characterized by striking symptoms which rapidly subside. On average, the seizures stopped in the first 48 hours.

the chronic form of gastritis

The chronic form

Such a definition is given and retidiviruuschem chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The peculiarity is that chronic gastritis is not necessarily manifested symptoms. But in the mucous membrane of the stomach of the patient still occur specific structural changes.

The patient receives periodic abdominal discomfort for the banal malaise. To alleviate the situation, swallows advertised pills "from heaviness in the stomach." Retains the usual rhythm of life, without even knowing the diagnosis of "gastritis".

This disease is not necessarily a result of acute gastritis. On the contrary, physicians are more likely to consider chronic gastritis in a patient as a separate disease that is triggered by a particular bacteria.

Doctors argue about the symptoms and classification of this type of gastritis. Often complaints of patients do not match the picture, which is revealed by the results of endoscopic examinations. Moreover, chronic gastritis can be found by accident during diagnosis of other problems with the digestive system of the patient.

However, some characteristic signs of chronic gastritis are:

  • epigastric pain or burning in the upper abdomen;
  • early satiety and fullness after eating;
  • heartburn;
  • nausea;
  • flatulence in the upper abdomen;
  • belching;
  • a poor appetite.

On the background of chronic disease the patient may develop atrophic gastritis. This means that the mucous membrane ceases to synthesize substances directly involved in digestion. The atrophy is irreversible, it is considered a precancerous condition.

Clinical nutrition: 5 tips gastroenterologist

Andrew Raids notes that the right diet for gastritis plays an important but not a key role. Before you adjust the patient's diet, it is important to eliminate the cause of the disease. In some cases, to the destruction of Helicobacter pylori infection the patient may be administered antibiotics. And here treatment should appoint only the doctor.

"How to eat for gastritis? Diet begins with lifestyle changes of the patient. First. When gastritis is important cessation of Smoking, consumption of strong and weak alcoholic drinks. Especially, soda. Second. Strict observance of rules of personal hygiene. You need to monitor the cleanliness of hands in the office and at home have access to a separate Cup, time to change your toothbrush," recommends Andrei Vasilyevich.

With regard to the organization of the diet for gastritis, the doctor advises patients to follow five key rules.

  1. Fractional menu. Diet for gastritis must be frequent. But you need to eat in small portions after equal intervals of time. Best option: the patient is four to five times a day every three hours. The last meal — no later than 19:00. All the food patients with a diagnosis of "gastritis" should be well chewed.
  2. The processing of food. Gastritis foods must be thermally processed. Even vegetables and fruits in raw form is an exceptional case. Meat and fish do not use pieces. These products are separated from bones, skin, tendons, and prepared in the form of meatballs, meatballs, stuffed cabbage.
  3. Cooking. Patients with gastritis not eat much hot or much cold food. Food can be steamed, boiled or baked without a crust. Anything fried, pickled, canned, salted in the diagnosis "gastritis" is impossible. Cook oatmeal in water or half milk, no butter. Moreover, in the acute stage of gastritis and the presence of severe clinical symptoms it is better to follow the recommendations on food preparation, which prescribed a therapeutic diet number 1. In particular, food, is recommended for use in mashed form. To the state of the cream or paste products bring a sieve and a blender. Table No. 1 is usually assigned during exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease.
  4. Drink plenty of liquids. Gastritis should drink a lot. Especially alkaline drinks without gas. Patients with gastritis are suitable are the water: "Essentuki", "Borjomi", "Myrgorodska". To remove carbon dioxide, a bottle of pop and placed in a basin of warm water for 20 minutes. This drink is helpful before meals. In addition to the medicinal water in gastritis patients are shown compotes of dried fruit and fresh berries.
  5. The first meals. Soups are obligatory in the diet of patients with gastritis. However, preference is given to vegetarian recipes, or second or third not fatty meat soup.

A lot of what diet diet for gastritis reminiscent of a menu recommended for children of the first years of life. There is no place for fatty, fried and sweet. Dishes are prepared without spices and with a minimal amount of flavouring spices. And to ease the process of digestion, food is ground to the maximum.

table 5

Why recommended table No. 5

Patients with chronic gastritis should be guided by the recommendations of the diet (therapeutic table) no. 5. Table No. 5 also called liver because it helps to improve the work of the same name on.

Catering, provided by the fifth table in gastritis, the background of drug therapy helps to reduce inflammation of the gastric mucosa, normalizes the digestive tract.

This diet is the subspecies with the appropriate markings. In these embodiments, the main menu is adjusted to the needs of patients with other diagnoses. For example, table number 5P appoint in acute pancreatitis or exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. A diet № 5A is recommended for patients with diseases of the liver and gallbladder.

The fifth table and advise patients with excess weight for safe weight loss. This menu allows you to bring in shape gradually, without harm to health. On this diet the person is not hungry, eats balanced. Patients who began to follow the fifth table, note the improvement of your skin, hair, and energized.

Diet for gastritis: a sample diet for a week

Patients who follow the diet for gastritis, suggest to pre-plan your menu for the week with recipes. A clear plan of action will help to avoid harmful snacking. Much easier when the patient procured the required products. And the man knows how and what of them can be cooked quickly.

Below is a sample weekly diet plan of the patient, who receives treatment for chronic gastritis. This menu is described in the books on clinical nutrition and clinical nutrition.

Monday

  • A.m. — 7:00. Oatmeal with egg white omelette. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Baked apples.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Low-fat vegetable soup. Rice porridge with boiled chicken. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. The drink from a dogrose.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes with a piece of lean fish. Flummery. Jelly.
  • For the night. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Tuesday

  • A.m. — 7:00. Fish cakes, steamed. Boiled potatoes. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Soup with pearl barley with vegetables. Buckwheat porridge with boiled meat. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Carrot juice.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Chicken meatballs baked in the oven. Mashed potatoes on the water. Charlotte. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Environment

  • A.m. — 7:00. Rice porridge with Turkey meat. Tea with milk.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Cottage cheese casserole with low-fat sour cream.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Cutlets of rabbit meat, steamed and served with a vegetable stew. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. The drink from a dogrose.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Oatmeal half milk with chicken meatballs. The juice from fresh berries.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Thursday

  • A.m. — 7:00. Buckwheat porridge with protein omelet. Tea with milk.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Jelly.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Chicken meatballs with mashed boiled vegetables. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Compote of dried fruits.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes on the water with boiled fish. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Friday

  • A.m.— 7:00. Boiled tongue. Semolina for half the milk. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Baked Apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup with small noodles. Mashed potatoes on the water with boiled Turkey meat. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Not greasy cookies. The drink from a dogrose.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Potato gratin with minced meat. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.
menu for gastritis

Saturday

  • A.m. — 7:00. Meat souffle, baked in the oven. Oatmeal half milk. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Souffle carrot and Apple juice.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable rice soup. Buckwheat porridge, steam cutlets from meat of a rabbit. Carrot-banana juice.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Mashed potatoes on the water. Boiled fish. The drink from a dogrose.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Sunday

  • A.m. — 7:00. Oatmeal half milk. Steam fish cakes low-fat varieties of fish. Tea.
  • Reinforcement — 10:00. Low-fat fresh cheese. Baked Apple.
  • Lunch — 13:00. Vegetable soup. Boiled potatoes. Beef Stroganoff of beef. The compote.
  • Reinforcements — 16:00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  • Dinner — 18:30-19:00. Fish baked in the oven. Puree boiled carrots. Tea.
  • For the night — 21:00. A glass of low-fat yogurt.

Such diet food is appointed as gastritis in children and in cases of gastritis in adults. The exception is children under one year old. Individual treatment is prescribed for pregnant women and women during lactation. Here, the diet may be expanded, modified. It is important that the woman received maximum nutrients from food. As no vitamin tablets can't compete with natural products.

How much should observed diet for gastritis of the stomach? Strict monitoring is necessary during exacerbation and in the first months after. But ideally the patient with a diagnosis of "gastritis" should stick to the recommended table and during remission. Although the expansion of the menu and holiday exceptions are possible. Only if within reasonable limits, and if we are not talking about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.

15.05.2019