Gastritis is called the disease of the century that we can say 2/3 of the population. Often the disease is asymptomatic, but is prone to progression. Chronic gastritis may eventually develop into peptic ulcer disease and even stomach cancer. Health food is not the only, but important part of the prevention and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. What is the recommended diet for gastritis: what you can and cannot have the patients of a gastroenterologist?
Gastritis is a complex, branched classification. Doctors distinguish gastritis in the etiology, localization of the inflammatory process, the degree of mucosal injury, the character-forming function.
For example, we distinguish erosive gastritis. With this gastritis mucosa of the stomach of the patient not just inflamed, it appears surface defects contribute to the further formation of ulcers. However, erosion does not reach the muscle layer of the stomach wall. Deeper defects that reach the muscular layer, already indicate the presence of stomach ulcers.
To diagnose gastritis, and correctly determine its type can only be a doctor according to the results of special studies. Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection is endoscopic examination and taking samples (biopsy) of the mucous membrane. Simplistic patients call this procedure "to swallow the probe". There is also a more modern and simple approach, the breathing tests. This is the method recommended for the diagnosis of infections, in particular, and in the body of the child.
A blood test that can be recommended to the patient with suspected gastritis, is not sufficient to confirm or refute the diagnosis. This study is informative only 40-50%.
In General, it is important to have an idea about the differences between acute and chronic forms of gastritis. It is necessary not to "miss" the problem and in time to see a specialist.
Acute gastritis is considered an acute inflammatory disease of the stomach. It is the result of multiple factors: mechanical, thermal, chemical, bacterial.
Thus, damage of the gastric mucosa can cause acute food, alcohol, infection. As well as a number of drugs. For example, aspirin or antibiotics. In the list of causes of acute gastritis — stress. It can also occur on the background of other diseases. For example, an acute intestinal infection.
Signs of inflammation the patient will notice in the first 12-24 hours after errors in diet or contact with another provoking factor.
The symptoms of acute gastritis:
Acute gastritis appears suddenly, is characterized by striking symptoms which rapidly subside. On average, the seizures stopped in the first 48 hours.
Such a definition is given and retidiviruuschem chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The peculiarity is that chronic gastritis is not necessarily manifested symptoms. But in the mucous membrane of the stomach of the patient still occur specific structural changes.
The patient receives periodic abdominal discomfort for the banal malaise. To alleviate the situation, swallows advertised pills "from heaviness in the stomach." Retains the usual rhythm of life, without even knowing the diagnosis of "gastritis".
This disease is not necessarily a result of acute gastritis. On the contrary, physicians are more likely to consider chronic gastritis in a patient as a separate disease that is triggered by a particular bacteria.
Doctors argue about the symptoms and classification of this type of gastritis. Often complaints of patients do not match the picture, which is revealed by the results of endoscopic examinations. Moreover, chronic gastritis can be found by accident during diagnosis of other problems with the digestive system of the patient.
However, some characteristic signs of chronic gastritis are:
On the background of chronic disease the patient may develop atrophic gastritis. This means that the mucous membrane ceases to synthesize substances directly involved in digestion. The atrophy is irreversible, it is considered a precancerous condition.
Andrew Raids notes that the right diet for gastritis plays an important but not a key role. Before you adjust the patient's diet, it is important to eliminate the cause of the disease. In some cases, to the destruction of Helicobacter pylori infection the patient may be administered antibiotics. And here treatment should appoint only the doctor.
"How to eat for gastritis? Diet begins with lifestyle changes of the patient. First. When gastritis is important cessation of Smoking, consumption of strong and weak alcoholic drinks. Especially, soda. Second. Strict observance of rules of personal hygiene. You need to monitor the cleanliness of hands in the office and at home have access to a separate Cup, time to change your toothbrush," recommends Andrei Vasilyevich.
With regard to the organization of the diet for gastritis, the doctor advises patients to follow five key rules.
A lot of what diet diet for gastritis reminiscent of a menu recommended for children of the first years of life. There is no place for fatty, fried and sweet. Dishes are prepared without spices and with a minimal amount of flavouring spices. And to ease the process of digestion, food is ground to the maximum.
Patients with chronic gastritis should be guided by the recommendations of the diet (therapeutic table) no. 5. Table No. 5 also called liver because it helps to improve the work of the same name on.
Catering, provided by the fifth table in gastritis, the background of drug therapy helps to reduce inflammation of the gastric mucosa, normalizes the digestive tract.
This diet is the subspecies with the appropriate markings. In these embodiments, the main menu is adjusted to the needs of patients with other diagnoses. For example, table number 5P appoint in acute pancreatitis or exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. A diet № 5A is recommended for patients with diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
The fifth table and advise patients with excess weight for safe weight loss. This menu allows you to bring in shape gradually, without harm to health. On this diet the person is not hungry, eats balanced. Patients who began to follow the fifth table, note the improvement of your skin, hair, and energized.
Patients who follow the diet for gastritis, suggest to pre-plan your menu for the week with recipes. A clear plan of action will help to avoid harmful snacking. Much easier when the patient procured the required products. And the man knows how and what of them can be cooked quickly.
Below is a sample weekly diet plan of the patient, who receives treatment for chronic gastritis. This menu is described in the books on clinical nutrition and clinical nutrition.
Such diet food is appointed as gastritis in children and in cases of gastritis in adults. The exception is children under one year old. Individual treatment is prescribed for pregnant women and women during lactation. Here, the diet may be expanded, modified. It is important that the woman received maximum nutrients from food. As no vitamin tablets can't compete with natural products.
How much should observed diet for gastritis of the stomach? Strict monitoring is necessary during exacerbation and in the first months after. But ideally the patient with a diagnosis of "gastritis" should stick to the recommended table and during remission. Although the expansion of the menu and holiday exceptions are possible. Only if within reasonable limits, and if we are not talking about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.